MAKING WEAPON X – DEVELOPMENTS IN REGENERATIVE MEDICINE.

What if we could regenerate our body parts like a starfish or Wolverine. If we could make our body regrow the cells which are damaged or missing? Regenerative medicine deals with the process of engineering damaged tissues or even whole organs by stimulating our body to replenish the lost cells. Our organs all developed from stem cells. Stem cells are a type of cell that differentiates or becomes other types of cells. The stem cells multiply into the specialized cells that make up our entire body. Stem cells can be found in human embryos, placental tissue, blood, and bone marrow.

Stem cell treatments already exist. Extracting stem cells from the bone marrow of the patient or taking it from a donor and injecting into the site of injury helps repair the damaged tissue. Such treatments are still experimental and are only approved in the United States for clinical trials. There is great potential in the field of regenerative medicine and it may be the only way to treat certain conditions like discogenic back pain, worn out discs or bones, and could even be developed to growing organs in a lab.

The current regenerative medicine market is already valued at USD 48.9 Billion and is growing at a rate of 23.24%. There are a number of technological advancements in the past few years and high support from the government for research on this field. The major fields of regenerative medicine are:

Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials

Biologically compatible scaffolds that are in the geometric shape of the tissue that needs to be regenerated are placed in the body at the site the new tissue needs to be formed. The scaffold attracts cells and causes the tissue to be formed in the shape that is desired.

The ECM (Extracellular matrix) uses the structural and functional molecules secreted by the resident cells of the body (ECM) and producing organ ECM scaffolds that can one day be used as replacement organs. This technology is being developed in the laboratory of Stephen Badylak, Professor in the university of Pittsburg’s Department of surgery.

Another method would be to use a 3D printer to print whole organs and then individualize it for the patient. There are still a lot of unknowns about how our organs are put together on a microscopic level. Technology has outpaced our understanding of Biology, and there is lot more to be understood about what we want to print.

Cellular Therapies

Cellular therapies involve using stem cells to make our body heal itself. There are a lot of promising research and clinical trials underway in this field.

When stem cells are injected into a damaged region, under the right conditions they begin to regenerate the damaged tissue. According to a study from the Stanford University School of Medicine, stem cells respond more quickly to injury when they have been primed with a dose of a protein. There are a huge number of research grants that are being handed out to scientists experimenting with stem cell therapy.

The key players in the regenerative medicines market that focus on current established technologies like cell therapy, gene therapy, immunotherapy, and tissue engineering in the market are Vertex pharmaceuticals Inc., Organogenesis, Cytori Therapeutics, Nuvasive Inc., and Japan Tissue Engineering Co. All these companies have a well-established product pipeline and high potential projects in their research and clinical trial phases and should come up with some groundbreaking technologies that could change the face of modern medicine.

For more information on the Regenerative Medicines market and the new products and technologies being launched, visit our website at http://www.marketdataforecast.com

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